The Dark History of Sunglasses

Sunglasses have a dark history, but a brilliant future. The history of sunglasses can be traced back to Roman Emperor Nero who watched the gladiator competitions through polished light emerald green gems held up to his eyes.

The invention of sunglasses was somewhere between 1268 and 1289. A visual historical recording of early sunglasses is a painting done by Tommaso da Modena in 1352. The person in the painting was wearing sunglasses. This was the first painting of a subject in sunglasses and many more were to follow as it became a fashionable symbol of distinction or honor.

Around the twelfth century and before 1430, sunglasses were worn by Judges in the Courts of China. The smoky quartz, flat-glassed panes were not used as protection from the sun. They were used to conceal any expression in their eyes to keep from giving away the outcome of their decisions. Prescription sunglasses were developed in Italy in 1430 and were later used by the Chinese Judges.

By the 1600’s people began to realize the benefits of prescription glasses as helping the elderly to see better and the motto “A Blessing to the Aged” came into being in 1629. It was the motto of an English eyeglasses manufacturer, Spectacle Makers Company.

In the mid 18th Century, James Ayscough developed blue and green corrective lenses which began the use of sunglasses for correcting optical impairments.

The development of glasses and sunglasses continued through the years. Problems in keeping eyeglasses on the face or propped on the nose led to experiments. Glasses frames had been made from leather, bones and metal and were propped on the nose. Sidepieces began as silk strips of ribbon that looped around the ears. Instead of loops, the Chinese added ceramic weights to the ends of the ribbons. Solid sidepieces were finally invented by Edward Scarlett in 1730. Benjamen Franklin’s invention of bifocal lenses followed in 1780.

By the 20th Century, sunglasses were used to protect the eyes from the sun. In 1929 Sam Foster began selling his protective sunglasses at Woolworth stores on the boardwalk at the beaches in Atlantic City and New Jersey. His Foster Grants were the first mass-produced sunglasses and they began the trend of sunglasses for fashion.

In the 1930’s the Army Air Corps asked Bausch & Lomb to develop sunglasses that would efficiently reduce high-altitude sun glare for pilots. Bausch & Lomb came up with sunglasses that had a dark green tint that absorbed light through the yellow spectrum.

Edward H. Land had invented the Polaroid filter and by 1936 he was using it in the making of sunglasses and soon, sunglasses became “cool.” Movies stars began wearing sunglasses as a statement and to hide behind. Aviator glasses became popular with the movie stars and the general public in 1937 after Ray Ban developed the anti-glare sunglasses using polarization. The longer lens was created to give more protection to pilots’ eyes from the light reflecting off their control panels.

By the 1970’s Hollywood stars …

Holiday Gift Wrapping Ideas

Gifts trimmed with flair:

Project creation, article and photo by: Madeleine M Langlois

Skill: Easy.

Materials & tools:

Assorted paper remnants, rice paper, plain coloured papers

Scissors

Glue gun and sticks

Double-face tape and regular adhesive tape

Ribbons in assorted colours, widths and styles

Assorted findings: custom jewellery, belt buckles, quilling paper strips, feathers, sequins, tinsel garland, wire, beads etc.

Fabric remnants, fun fur, taffeta, fuzzy wool, scrapbooking tools, snowflake punch, decorative edge scissors, hang tags, rub-on lettering

Also see each gift wrapping description.

(Materials for this project are available at arts and craft stores.

My favourite part of the holidays is wrapping the gifts. It is the perfect occasion to use up many remnants from various projects and to let my creativity run loose, just for fun. Since my wrapping room is shared with the laundry room, it is a sure place to find some peace of mind during all the craziness of the holidays.

Minimalist with a touch of Ritz, great gift wrapping ideas start with cool findings. The secret to achieve the look of these French bonbon gift wrappings is all in the trimmings. Personalized to make an impact, even simple gifts can look elegant with a little accent. Don’t be afraid to extend the colour palette beyond the traditional; it’s all good because, really, anything goes. Even though I used assorted colour combinations of bright turquoise, greens and blues with soft pastels amidst accents of silver, angelic whites and chocolate brown, the theme is what brings everything together.

Fuzzy wool for a cozy warm feeling: Super easy yet stylish. Once a gift is wrapped, affix one or two ribbons around the box and then wrap a few lengths of fuzzy wool as decorative trim around the package. Assorted fancy yarns provide an inexpensive and chic way to dress up bonbon or cracker-shaped gifts.

Rows of ribbons: Create basic plaid patterns using satin, grosgrain and velvet types of ribbons in assorted colours and widths over a tissue-paper wrapped gift. Garnish with dash of white tinsel garland. A length of wide satin ribbon looks stunning when applied over the centre of larger gifts and plain paper bags. Secure the ribbons at the back of a package using hot glue. Wide ribbons can also be adorned with lengths of fuzzy wool.

Bejewel using recycled jewellery and belt buckles: Recycle odds and ends jewellery pieces, earrings, and charms. Glue these onto a ribbon to create an elegant centre ornament. Paint plain or wooden buckles silver or gold (or any colour) and fasten a length of ribbon around a fabric-wrapped gift. Top it all off with a single feather.

Dazzling with sequins: Make your gifts sparkle and dazzle with sequins. Use by-the-yard sequins as you would ribbons. Double rows of brightly coloured sequins look spectacular onto plain silver-wrapped gifts. Further embellish by randomly gluing individual sequins on wrapped presents.

Quilling for snowman: Quilling, also known as paper filigree, is the art of rolling thin strips of paper into different shapes and …

Career in Fashion Design Part – 1

If you can read colors, feel textures, notice blends and believe that you can create the look – fashion designing is a good option.

Fashion designers are trendsetters, but even they have to take an entrance exam and need to study. If you think shoes, belts and hats are style statements and speak louder and more eloquently than the design itself, complement the cut and contribute meaningfully towards an ensemble, another option could be accessory / Jewellery design.

Another option could also be fashion merchandising – lending your talent to the production process that is an essential part of the fashion industry. Merchandising is a specialized management function within the fashion industry. Fashion Merchandisers are responsible for selection of materials, liasoning with the production team and meeting market requirements. The job demands knowledge of fashion trends, textures, materials and colors on one hand and understanding of market demand and the production processes on the other.

(A)The Prospects

Opportunities for jobs exist in the following sectors:

  1. 1.)      Export houses dealing with garment/textile/handloom exports
  2. 2.)      Retail and wholesale garment businesses in men’s/women’s/children clothing in sportswear/casual wear, etc.
  3. 3.)      Haute Couture
  4. 4.)      Government/Semi government-handloom/textile manufacturers
  5. 5.)      Fashion show organizers/Fashion publishers
  6. 6.)      TV/Film fashion program producers/compeers/costume designers, etc.
  7. 7.)      With Film production units
  8. 8.)      Teaching design

(B) The Job

Fashion Design

  1. 1.)      Exploration and research
  2. 2.)      Sketching the original idea on paper
  3. 3.)      Shaping the pattern pieces which make the garment
  4. 4.)      The pieces are then drawn in actual size on paper and cut out on a rough material, stitched together and fitted on a model.
  5. 5.)      Modifications in the pattern pieces or other features of the mock garment are made and thus the design is completed
  6. 6.)      Garments are then made in the final fabric
  7. 7.)      Junior designers: Junior designers generally do the first pattern cutting. They assemble the first samples with fabrics they have selected from the market.

Fashion Merchandising

  1. 1.)      A merchandiser is primarily a coordinator.
  2. 2.)      Merchandisers study buying trends and the buyer’s needs
  3. 3.)      They collect specifications from the buyers and coordinate with fashion designers to develop a product which is market specific.

Accessory Designers

  1. 1.)      Accessory designers are trained as stylists for men’s, ladies or children’s accessories
  2. 2.)      They specialise in leather designing /jewellery designing etc.
  3. 3.)      After carrying out a detailed research about the accessory they are required to work on, designers create new and attractive designs for their clients
  4. 4.)      In the traditional, studio–based design sector, crafts people work to prepare each article individually
  5. 5.)      Work is sold through local outlets, at tourist destinations, emporia and through craft melas.

Jewellery Design

  1. 1.)      Jewellery designers create new designs for gold, silver and precious metal jewellery
  2. 2.)      Large exporters employ designers or select designs from eminent freelancer
  3. 3.)      Gemologists are experts in assessing the quality, value and use of gems for jewellery. They are experts in grading, sorting and setting of gems in various metals.

(C)  Personality Traits

  1. 1.)      Artistic, Creative and imaginative
  2. 2.)      Know-how of textiles
  3. 3.)     

Fashion and Style

Did you know that all the outdated clothes that you have hanging in your closet can age you in a really bad way!

You should always upgrade your personal style transformation such as a makeover. The one good test of clothing is to see how your outfits can hold up in bad weather. When and where can you do casual, whether at work or for just going out partying. Matchy-Matchy doesn’t always work in the fashion world because sometimes you have to mix and match your outfits along with a little color. With the rules of wearing white after labor day doesn’t really apply anymore. In fashion, you’ll need to take certain risks without being afraid to strut your stuff in those outfits that you own. When doing make-up and outfits. You should wear less make-up. Sometimes wearing only lip-gloss is best for your look because it’s not too gordy and less is more. As far as the outfits go, don’t use too much color and do pair off some of the colorful outfits with a neutral blend because some colors end up washing you out and the hottest ultimate trends should be tested with bad weather to see if those outfits will last. If your outfit falls apart, it means that you’re wearing a cheap outfit. When you wear cheap clothing such as a polyester blend and not the good material, you’re only asking for your outfit to fall apart in about a month or two and not to mention the effect that it gives to our figures. Do you ever take off an outfit and you get a shock? especially when wearing polyester pants which gives off that velcro effect such as static cling when you rub the material together.
In fashion and style: You’ll need a good handbag, a clutch, and an overnight/weekender bag. Your sense of fashion doesn’t have to be predictable because that only goes for bad weather and not fashion.

Always remember:
Cheap material is not in. You’ll need to invest in better clothing and accessories that will last you for years at a time. When you’re looking for the right jacket. Always buy coats such as pea coats, leather, and parkas. With pea coats, you’d want to buy a double breasted pea coat which will last you for years at a time because it keeps you warm and stylish, You can’t go wrong there! Make sure you get the right leather brand such as a leather blazer made of lambskin. No colorful leather at all and if you do color, make sure it’s brown or black.

Newsflash: Colorful leathers are no longer in. Shoes! A must have One can’t get enough. Most men say well, how many shoes does one woman need? Will the men ever understand the logic behind all of that? No, not at all, because what they don’t understand is that shoes are meant to be loved and in order to remain fabulous, one must feel and look fabulous in …

Fashion Design: Changes Over the Years

In the beginning, the discipline of fashion design involved the creation of attractive apparel but over the years it has started to encompass almost everything that had to do with a person’s appearance. These days, fashion design can include anything from shoes to hairstyles. Because of the constant evolution of fashion design, many people aspire to have a career in this industry. Certainly, the fashion business has come a long way from just the creation of clothes. There are many other areas of the business that aspiring fashion designers can make a career out of. Early Fashion Design During the 19th century, artists were asked by design houses to create illustrations and paintings of clothing. These were then presented to clients who would then choose the ones that captured their fancy. Only then would the actual garment be sewn as this was seen as more economical for the design houses. And thus was born the practice of fashion design. Charles Frederick Worth is considered to be the first fashion designer. He used to work as a draper before he set up his own design house, which he called The House of Worth. Paris as Fashion Hub Fashion design as a business continues to gain more ground seeing as more and more people are becoming aware of the varied ways in which they can improve their appearance. Paris becomes the center stage of all things fashion and would be the standard to live up to for other countries. For a time, designs would first appear in Paris before it would become available in the United States or other parts of Europe. It was also during this time that haute couture dominated the fashion scene. Haute couture refers to the design and creation of custom-made apparel. The mass production of clothes followed soon thereafter and fashion became even more accessible to more people. The Future of Fashion Design Fashion design has become a formidable industry which a lot of young designers aspire to be part of. Aside from designing, there are various other career opportunities that are now available. If the creation of garments is not your thing, you can go into fashion photography or styling. The business side of fashion is also rife with possibilities with careers in fashion merchandising and fashion buying. Fashion designers continue to come up with innovative concepts in an effort to keep diversifying the industry. These days, green fashion is gaining more popularity as people are becoming more environment-conscious. Designers are exploring the use of organic materials in their clothing, as well as adopting manufacturing processes that make less of a negative impact on the environment. Technology also seems to figure in increasingly in the industry not only as a design accessory but also as a means of making business operations more efficient. The idea of wearable technology has emerged as another facet of fashion design with things such as mobile phone and CDs used as fashion accessories. Innovations such as design and virtual fitting software …

Enjoyable And Fashionable Ladies Golf Club Covers

With women now penetrating the golfing world, fashion as well as sporting manufacturers has been ablaze in trying to find a way to attract women to buy there products. Nike, Addidas, and many more have launched colorful lines of clothing and golf accessories to please their female customers.

With all the accessories out there, perhaps the most difficult to design are ladies gold club covers. But there are thousands and hundreds of ladies golf club covers. You can pick from any design you want online or you can make one. Surely you want to protect those precious golf club sets of yours. You can do that and still maintain your sense of style, fashion and even playfulness.

Ladies Golf Club Covers Online

There are fun and playful ladies golf club covers online. Internet sites such as Hundreds of Ladies Golf Club Covers For fun, offers a variety of designs. They have designs like Winnie the pooh, crocheted flowers, stuffed animals. The possibility is really endless.

If you’re the conservative type there are designs that play on color but are not too fru fru and you can find them on bella.com. There designs are really pretty, but they emulate the regular golf club cover while giving it a twist by using different types of materials and cloth.

Make Them

To further accentuate your style you can always make your own ladies golf club cover. All you need is patience a sense of creativity, imagination and style. Of course you need the materials too, so here are the basics. For one ladies golf club cover, you will need about half a meter of cloth, in any design or color that suits you. Needles, thread, garters, zipper, measuring tape for measuring the dimension of your golf club, and if you have a mini sewing machine the better.

First thing you must do to make a ladies golf club cover, is to measure the dimensions of your golf club. Measure the Head, the shaft up to where you want your ladies golf club cover’s neck will be. If you want fitted ladies golf club head cover measure the head like your measuring your vital statistics.

Put your measuring tape at the widest part of the golf club head, then the top part, then near the neck. After listing down the dimensions of your golf club, envision how you would like your ladies golf club cover to look like. Using the dimensions and measurement you’ve draw a pattern on a card board using a pencil.

Cut out the patterns and put it on top of the cloth. Trace the patterns on the cloth and cut them. Mark the patterns with numbers so you don’t get confused. Then sew them on together. Sew from the inside then turn the ladies golf club cover inside out. Voila you have your own home made ladies golf club cover.…

Fashion Photography as a Career

A career in the fashion industry as a fashion photographer is strewn with big money and many opportunities.  Most of the people are under the impression that a career in the world of fashion as a fashion photographer is out of reach for many who want to get into this area of work. However, with a significant amount of persistence and effort along with a little bit of luck, one will get to achieve an esteemed position in this glamour industry. One needs to fall in love with all things that have to do with celebrities, fashion and trends; from the diverse range of contemporary clothing trends to the offbeat designs, and from the ramp models that show off the latest designs in clothes to the celebrities that wear them during their public appearances. In fact, fashion industry is one of the most rewarding and exciting industries of all the different types of industries.

You may not have the creativity and drive needed to grow as a successful fashion designer, and you may not be able to lose twenty pounds, even if you wish, in order to become a fashion model. But, it does not matter at all and in no way mean that you cannot get into the fashion industry as such. There is a flurry of options available if you are insistent to get into this industry also called as glamour industry. And, if your interest lies in photography, then you must give fashion photography a good try.

The job as a fashion photographer involves conceptualizing the photo shoots and, developing and printing photographs of male a well as female models wearing the latest and attractive creations of fashion designers. One of the important traits that a fashion photographer should possess is an eye to detail, creativity and the ability to capture the various emotions and positions of models in a way that catches the attention of various people including the prospective buyers of these designer clothes.

The photographs are utilized by various fashion magazines of the likes of Vogue, Elle, etc. and these photographs get featured in various advertisements meant for promoting various Companies. A fashion photographer must have the ability to capture the right poses that convey the required message, and he should be comfortable working with models of different personalities and temperament so as to bring out the best in them.

They must be knowledgeable regarding the proper use of lighting and shades. Also, with them rests the responsibility of choosing the appropriate venue for the photo shoot. If you want to become a high flying fashion photographer, you should be prepared to face stiff competition, as this field can prove to be highly competitive.

It is a very exciting career as it confers on the photographer the added benefit and opportunity to develop good relationship with some of the famous celebrities and models. They are also presented with the opportunity to travel extensively to a number of destinations for on-site photo shoots.…

Black Frame Eye Glasses are a Fashion Must-Have

When many people think of black frame eye glasses they immediately think of those clunky, chunky glasses of the 1950’s or maybe even into the early 1960’s. While those particular glasses may not be the height of fashion forward eyewear, other styles of very traditional types of glasses are certainly at the center of fashion trends. Glasses for many people are an important part of their overall look since glasses often are the one constant item that both men and women wear. After all, you may change your clothing styles, your jewelry and even your hair color but you rarely change your glasses once you find a style that suits your face and fashion style.

Choosing a pair of black frame eye glasses makes a lot of sense. They can come in a variety of styles from very classic and traditional to ultra modern and trendy. Whatever style you choose, the fact that they are black is a fashion plus since the color literally goes with everything and every color you may wear. In addition, black frames are very distinctive and tend to be excellent at highlighting your eyes and drawing attention to the center portion of your face.

Getting the right style of glasses for your face shape is important. The first step is to decide just what shape your face really is. Imagine the major face shapes of a square, oval, oblong, round heart, triangle or diamond. Look at your face in a mirror and try to impose each shape over your face. Another option is to use an erasable marker and simply trace your face shape in the mirror, then step back and look at the outline to determine which shape is the closest. Remember not to trace your hair, just the outside edges of your face.

Generally, when choosing black frame eye glasses to complement your shape you want to go with an opposite frame shape to your face. For example, those with a more square face shape look best with the round or oval frames that soften the angles of the face. People with round faces need to try the rectangular or geometric shaped frames and frames that sweep upwards at the temples to make the face appear slightly longer.

A good rule to keep in mind is that the frames, regardless of the shape, style or color that you select need to be matched with your features. Women or men with fine features, narrower faces and less prominent cheekbones and foreheads should select finer or smaller, narrower width frames. People that have wide, broad faces and heavier features can wear both narrow and wider frames and still appear in balance. If you look at your face you should notice first your eyes and features, not the size or shape of your glasses. Frames should complement and support your appearance not take it over.

Black frame eye glasses are great for both causal wear as well as for those very dressy occasions. You may want …

Costume jewelry

There is a boundary to how plenty of fine or straight jewelry you can procure. Even if you are very rich, you cannot be getting a piece of fine jewelry similar every and apiece piece of clothing you have. But, there is an brilliant and fine substitute and that is dress jewelry. Costume jewelry is much low priced, arrive in a wider variety and looks as good as the conventional jewelry, and now and then yet improved. Fame of costume jewelry has without fail been on an upswing, and wholesale costume jewelry is much in command these days. Costume jewelry often called as scrap jewelry, manner jewelry or fake jewelry.

As costume jewelry is very cheap and inexpensive, you can buy pack of it. And the colours and ranges that they come in are countless. So, definitely you could procure one for each one of your assembly. The necessary thought after making of costume jewelry, firstly was to buy a piece of costume jewelry matching one of your outfits, use it temporarily and then organize it off and get a novel one. But, this tendency quickly fixed on and turned into a rage the globe over.

Costume jewelry is finished of smaller amount expensive equipments like glass, base metals, fake stones etc. In imitation of prized metals, gemstones used to make fine jewelry. Like, for example, American diamond is used as an imitation of a fine diamond and it looks just as bona fide and good looking, but expenses maybe one third of an authentic diamond’s price. They look just like fine jewelry, come in a wider range of colours, fashion, outlines and cost much lesser than the authentic ones. Many affordable simulated gemstones like rhinestones, Lucite, American diamonds and also many inexpensive metals that are used for simulating precious metals like brass, nickel etc. Are available in the market place.

presently, costume jewelry is made out of varied materials like elevated finish crystals, partially precious stones, silver and gold plated brass, sterling silver etc. With the insist for costume jewelry eternally mounting, wholesale jewelry is a large worthwhile market these days.…

Fantastic Destinations to Store in Los Angeles

You may possibly be asking yourself where by to shop in Los Angeles if you are wondering about visiting this town.  Los Angeles has stores to healthy everyone’s spending plan.  There are several specialty stores, department stores, malls, discount stores and other stores that will fascination folks of all ages.  Venice Beach is a great put to go for discount products.  It has apparel, souvenirs and other matters that will not price you a fortune.  It is a fantastic put to grab up a handful of great bargains.  If you are seeking for some great deals on outfits test going to Very long Beach where by you will locate the fashion district and Fourth Road.  Here you will locate apparel that has been produced by designers and locals alike. 

If you are seeking for stylish apparel go to Santa Monica where by you will locate several designer labels.   Even though you are here, you will locate several eating places and galleries for your pleasure.  Hollywood and Highland will give you a come to feel of Hollywood with currently being developed to look just like a film established.  It has boutiques and malls that will give you a fantastic procuring experience.  If you want to go to a put with a minimal charm to do your procuring go to Previous City Pasadena, where by there are several chain stores and boutiques.  The Farmers Industry is another fantastic put to shop. There are several food stuff cultures to test in this open air food stuff court.  There are several great outlets offering small costs on products and historical monuments and landmarks to see.  Nestled in Los Angeles are the sights and sounds of Mexico offering compact stalls lining the avenue selling apparel, footwear, toys, collectibles and other products.  Identifying where by to shop in Los Angeles can be very straightforward with all the selection of stores out there.

Serious customers go to Rodeo Generate, which is one of the most common procuring areas in Los Angeles.  Not only can you shop here you may possibly also see a famous star out on Rodeo Generate.  Midtown and West Hollywood boutiques also draw in superstars.  Browsing in Los Angeles can healthy anyone’s spending plan with costs various from retail outlet to retail outlet.  If you are wondering of visiting here, you will have no hassle figuring out where by to shop in Los Angeles.…